Unearthing the Lost Meridian of Tiwanaku’s Temple Builders

Unearthing the Lost Meridian of Tiwanaku’s Temple Builders

The Tiwanaku Empire (300 to 1150 AD) preceded the Inca Empire; and by 400 AD Tiwanaku rose the become the most influential of a number of city states in the region. It was the center for regional religious pilgrimages and llama caravan trade routes.  Historian Ashely Cowie takes a closer look at astronomical, geometrical and geographical discoveries at the ancient city of Tiwanaku, which have been derived from the dimensions and location properties of this expansive religious site.

Map of Lake Titicaca with Tiwanaku at the bottom right. (Public Domain)

Map of Lake Titicaca with Tiwanaku at the bottom right. (Public Domain)

People began permanently settling around Lake Titicaca around 4,000 years ago and by 1500 BC a small agricultural settlement formed about ten miles from the southern (Bolivian) shores of Lake Titicaca. Tiwanaku, was the highest city in the ancient world at an altitude of 12,600 feet (3,850 meters) and would grow to cover an area of around six square miles (10 square kilometers) and the Tiwanaku empire dominated the Collao Andean Plateau between 200 BC to 600 AD and spanned 231,000 square miles (600,000 square kilometers.)


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