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Newport Castle with ships by J. M. W. Turner (1796) (Public Domain)

The Newport Medieval Trading Ship Revival

One of the most remarkable maritime archaeological discoveries of the 21st century was the discovery of the ghostly timbers of a medieval ship, embedded in the mud, when renovations of an arts centre were carried out in the Welsh town of Newport, in 2002, leading to its revival starting in 2023. Newport is located 12 miles (19 kilometers) northeast of Cardiff on the River Usk, close to where it joined the River Severn. The construction of a new orchestra pit and auditorium of the Riverfront Arts Centre required deep excavation and 35 concrete piles were driven into the ground. As the Gwent levels, through which the river cuts, had previously yielded other archaeological finds such as a Bronze Age boat uncovered at Goldcliff in 1993 and the Barlands Farm boat, a Romano-Celtic vessel near Magor, archaeologists from the Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust were commissioned to watch over the work.

The Newport ship in the foundations of the Riverfront Arts Centre (Owain /CC BY-SA 3.0)

The Newport ship in the foundations of the Riverfront Arts Centre (Owain /CC BY-SA 3.0)

Almost immediately it became apparent that there was archaeology present at the site, including some which had already been damaged by previous building work, when what looked like a timber lined drain and a stone slipway were observed within the area of the cofferdam just beneath the muddy surface. These looked, and indeed were, post medieval but by late June the archaeologists had turned their attention to a series of upright timbers which had been observed to the side of the slipway and marine timber specialist Professor Nigel Nayling, was engaged to look at them.

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