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African Genesis - The Rise Of Civilization
Saturday September 18, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Dr Edward Bruce Bynum
African Genesis - The Rise Of Civilization

The anthropological and ethnographical study of humanity’s four-million-year-old history in Africa, prior to the diaspora from Africa, is well documented. The template of humankind, - the psychic and generic roots of all present-day humanity – was nestled in East Africa at least 2.5-million-years- ago, before they left the continent. Homo erectus decided to leave the mother continent 1.7-million years ago, and round about 150 000 to 200 000 years ago Homo sapiens sapiens travelled out of Africa, using the same routes as Homo erectus.

The origin of modern humanity is Black and African. Civilization first emerged out of a rich, dark, creative synthesis of life forces along the Nile.  The earliest seeds of human civilization germinated in the Upper-Nile valley and the lakes region of Eastern Africa, when our species began to cultivate and harvest grain, around 17,000 to 18,300 years ago.

Dr Edward Bynum explores the influence of the Nubian civilization (called Kush by the Egyptians and modern-day Sudan) on the Dravidians of the Indus Valley, the Kemetic Egyptian civilization, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Chinese in Asia, the Greeks, Celts and West Africa. Twelve Nubian kings ruled the Middle East before the Egyptian dynasty; the Egyptian 25th Dynasty were Kushite (Nubian kings); King Gudea governor of Sumer was an African and many of the Kings of Sumer and Elam were Black; skulls found in Harappa and Mohenjo Daro in the Indus Valley are identical to those found in Nubia; the first king of China, Fushi, was described as “black with woolly hair”, as was the Shang dynasty; Yu Nai Hwang-Ti, prominent in the Tao philosophy was ethnically descendant from the Black Elamites and Akkadians; on the Arabian peninsula, Yemen and Oman were ruled by the Black Adites, Mineans and Sabeans; and so it continues…

Dr Bynum discusses the Nubian impact on ancient trade routes; the origins of writing – their Meroitic script consisted of 24 symbols, as yet to be deciphered; the earliest calendars; the female fertility religion of Isis and the Black Madonna, which was perhaps a reflection of a deep unconscious memory of the mitochondrial DNA mother, construction and city planning – there are more pyramids in Nubia than Egypt; origins of  yoga and the martial arts, - all elements of an underlying Black Unconsciousness in the human psyche.

 

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Edward Bruce Bynum

Edward Bruce Bynum, Ph.D., ABPP, is a clinical psychologist and former director of the behavioral medicine program at the University of Massachusetts Health Services. The 2005 recipient of the Abraham H. Maslow Award from the American Psychological Association and the author of several books, including Dark Light Consciousness, The Dreamlife of Families: The Psychospiritual Connection and his latest Our African Unconscious. He is currently in private practice in Hadley, Massachusetts.  His website is  https://obeliskfoundation.com/

 

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This Interview will be available to download from September 19.


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The Soul Of The Sword
Saturday October 2, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Rob Miller
The Soul Of The Sword

Mythology speaks of magical swords like Excalibur, Claíomh Solais, Durendal and Thuận Thiên. In history swords were not only weapons to warriors, but were also embedded with symbols of power. The four elements, earth, air, fire and water fuse in the creation of a sword.  Iron ore from the earth provides the raw material, and the fire from the forge separates the iron from the oxygen releasing the air, and then the steel is tempered by water. In the blending of these four elements, the fifth ethereal element magically enters: the soul of the sword, encapsulated in the decorated blade, it sings in the hands of its wielder.

Rob Miller, Master Swordsmith comments: “My original obsession was with the alchemical nature of the whole operation, so the fire has remained at the center of my work. I see it as the essential element that is introduced into steel to give it a ‘life’, something that may not be visible to the customer, but that will give a sense of soul to the final piece.”

Rob walks us through the recreation of some of the most famous swords in history: The Canute Sword, dating to Late Viking Age, was found in Langeid in south Norway now exhibited in Oslo. It is thought to have been owned by one of King Canute’s wealthy warriors that accompanied him to fight against King Ethelred in England. The hilt is decorated in characters that suggest the influence of Christianity at this point, gold leaf work and silver wired grip compliment the striking appearance of the sword. Gold was very rarely used in Viking pieces.

The Steinvik Sword, is another Norwegian Viking treasure, found by Arnt Steinvik  in Skatval, Stjørdal municipality in Norway. It is sometimes difficult to imagine how these early craftsmen were able to achieve such exquisite detail in their work, with such a short life expectancy and the lack of modern tools and equipment. The silver wires were all inlaid and hammered in, along with the intricate gripping beast panels in bronze. The grip was ornamented with a silver ring, again inlaid with the same features.

The Fetter Lane Sword is an eight century Saxon sword that was discovered during construction in Fetter Lane, London. Rob was immediately struck by the bizarre serpent design on the one side of the pommel, it looked somehow modern and ancient at the same time, and unlike anything else he had ever seen. This was the Sword that would earn him his Master’s seal.

 

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Rob MillerROB MILLER is one of the very few remaining swordsmiths who uses traditional techniques to create entirely authentic, functional swords. This means using fire and a hammer to forge, harden and  hamper the steel to give it the desired qualities of toughness and flexibility, as well as the beauty and grace of a true work of art. Based on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, Rob Miller has over 25 years’ experience forging original swords, as well as recreating historical pieces that have been recovered from battlegrounds and burials

Initially, he was just interested to find out how swords could be crafted in the modern age but the production of his first few blades attracted the attention of visitors to the Island. In order to create the sword from raw materials he developed several other skill sets too: leatherwork, jewellery-making and woodwork are all required during the making of the scabbard and belt work, and the fine ornamentation of the more elaborate pieces. As one of the longer established swordsmiths worldwide Rob has gained a positive reputation for his craft. 

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