Talk To An Expert


African Genesis - The Rise Of Civilization
Saturday September 18, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Dr Edward Bruce Bynum
African Genesis - The Rise Of Civilization

The anthropological and ethnographical study of humanity’s four-million-year-old history in Africa, prior to the diaspora from Africa, is well documented. The template of humankind, - the psychic and generic roots of all present-day humanity – was nestled in East Africa at least 2.5-million-years- ago, before they left the continent. Homo erectus decided to leave the mother continent 1.7-million years ago, and round about 150 000 to 200 000 years ago Homo sapiens sapiens travelled out of Africa, using the same routes as Homo erectus.

The origin of modern humanity is Black and African. Civilization first emerged out of a rich, dark, creative synthesis of life forces along the Nile.  The earliest seeds of human civilization germinated in the Upper-Nile valley and the lakes region of Eastern Africa, when our species began to cultivate and harvest grain, around 17,000 to 18,300 years ago.

Dr Edward Bynum explores the influence of the Nubian civilization (called Kush by the Egyptians and modern-day Sudan) on the Dravidians of the Indus Valley, the Kemetic Egyptian civilization, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Chinese in Asia, the Greeks, Celts and West Africa. Twelve Nubian kings ruled the Middle East before the Egyptian dynasty; the Egyptian 25th Dynasty were Kushite (Nubian kings); King Gudea governor of Sumer was an African and many of the Kings of Sumer and Elam were Black; skulls found in Harappa and Mohenjo Daro in the Indus Valley are identical to those found in Nubia; the first king of China, Fushi, was described as “black with woolly hair”, as was the Shang dynasty; Yu Nai Hwang-Ti, prominent in the Tao philosophy was ethnically descendant from the Black Elamites and Akkadians; on the Arabian peninsula, Yemen and Oman were ruled by the Black Adites, Mineans and Sabeans; and so it continues…

Dr Bynum discusses the Nubian impact on ancient trade routes; the origins of writing – their Meroitic script consisted of 24 symbols, as yet to be deciphered; the earliest calendars; the female fertility religion of Isis and the Black Madonna, which was perhaps a reflection of a deep unconscious memory of the mitochondrial DNA mother, construction and city planning – there are more pyramids in Nubia than Egypt; origins of  yoga and the martial arts, - all elements of an underlying Black Unconsciousness in the human psyche.

Edward Bruce Bynum

Edward Bruce Bynum, Ph.D., ABPP, is a clinical psychologist and former director of the behavioral medicine program at the University of Massachusetts Health Services. The 2005 recipient of the Abraham H. Maslow Award from the American Psychological Association and the author of several books, including Dark Light Consciousness, The Dreamlife of Families: The Psychospiritual Connection and his latest Our African Unconscious. He is currently in private practice in Hadley, Massachusetts.  His website is

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Palmyra, Pearl of the Syrian Desert
Saturday August 21, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Prof Fanie Vermaak
Palmyra, Pearl of the Syrian Desert

Not just the archaeological community, but the entire world was horrified at the news and video clips of ISIL’s senseless destruction of the ancient site of Palmyra in Syria in 2015 and 2016. A professor emeritus in Ancient Near Eastern Studies at the University of South Africa, Dr Fanie Vermaak, who accompanied his post graduate students on a visit to the site, presents a nostalgic but also academic overview of the wonders of the Pearl of the Syrian desert, and the progress in restoring the site.

Palmyra (ancient Tadmor) in the heart of the Syrian desert, has been described by visitors using extravagant expressions.  Arriving at Palmyra any time of the day, one cannot help being touched by this city, situated between Damascus and Deir-ez-Zur on the edge of the Euphrates River, that still seems to be enveloped by the mists of its historic role in ancient Mesopotamia. Blessed with an extensive oasis, this desert town, with a legacy of more than 4,000 years, expresses herself in an extraordinary manner.

Professor Fanie will take us on a tour of the Temple of Bel, The Temple of Baal Shamin, The Monumental Arch of Triumph, the colonnade and castle and the theatre where soldiers were brutally murdered.  He will reminisce with unique photographs of Palmyra before the destruction but also gives us hope by discussing the reconstructions planned.

Professor Fanie VermaakDr Fanie Vermaak is professor emeritus of Ancient Near Eastern Studies at the University of South Africa. Professor Vermaak studied Theology and various Semitic Languages at the Universities of the Free State (Bloemfontein) and Stellenbosch, South Africa.  He specialized (PhD) in the cuneiform (Sumerian) studies of the Ur III period (2100-2000 BC) on the activities of the temple administrators of Southern Mesopotamia and published extensively on this topic. He extended his academic repertoire to the various ancient gateways of the Near East and as far as the Indus Valley. Professor Vermaak is also the chairperson of the Ancient Egypt and Near Eastern Society (AENES). He served eight years on a national academic society called the Southern African Society for Near Eastern Society. He is a founding member of International Society of Cuneiform Studies. Professor Vermaak often features as a Middle East expert analyst on various media and has a special interest in the ancient and modern Near East or Middle East.

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Dark Age Saints and Sinners
Sunday July 25, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Charles Christian
Dark Age Saints and Sinners

Set in the Dark Ages, Saints & Sinners contains shocking true tales of royalty, aristocrats and religious figures behaving very badly indeed.  In fact their lives would not be out of place in today’s reality TV shows or modern politics and the incidents they are involved in… well, truth really is stranger than fiction - even fiction as entertaining as the recent Game of Thrones and Vikings series.

So climb on board as we set off to explore some of the more weird, obscure and WTF corners of English history. These are tales of murder, mayhem, treason, incest and adultery in which we’ll encounter numerous saints, eight English kings who met gruesome, premature deaths, five scheming English queens who put the 'sex' back into Wessex, and the mother of all wicked stepmothers. You'll be amazed, or horrified, or appalled. Or all three!

Charles Christian

Saints and SinnersCharles Christian is an English barrister and Reuters correspondent turned writer, editor, podcaster, award-winning tech journalist and sometime werewolf hunter now a chronicler of weird tales in weird times. As well as being a regular contributor to Ancient Origins Premium, on medieval history, folklore and the occult, he also writes the monthly Fabulous Creatures column for Ancient Origins Magazine. You can find him and his weekly Weird Tales Radio Show podcasts online at  Or

Saints & Sinners in Dark Age England




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The Egyptian Demonic Calendar A Case Study
Sunday June 27, 2021 5:00pm EST
by Mogg Morgan
The Egyptian Demonic Calendar  A Case Study

The ancient Egyptians recognized three categories of sentient beings: The Ankhew, the Akhew and the Neterew which can be translated as the Living, the Dead and the Gods.

The ancient Egyptians divided the year into 36 weeks of ten days duration, hence ‘decan’ from Greek ‘ten’. In Egypt, as in many other places, the lunar month lasted approximately 30 days, and could therefore be divided into three trimesters, each of ten days, which is a decan or Egyptian ‘week’. Therefore, the entire year had 36 weeks or decans. Each decan is ruled over by particular stars, rising in succession over the course of a year.

Every person is born into this intricate web of stars. The 36 decans are in effect an earlier Egyptian equivalent of the later Greek system of 12 zodiacal signs. The 12 culminating decans are also the equivalent of the 12 ‘houses’. Looking deeper it seems these Egyptian decans were connected with what they called a person’s trifold “soul”, a mysterious mix of the Ba, the Ka and the Akh. The Egyptians, like many cultures, had no generic word for ‘demon’. Although some words, such as Akhew, get very close.  Etymologically, the Greek derived term ‘daemon’ or ‘demon’ means divider or alloter, and from Homer’s time onwards, it referred to an operator of unexpected and intrusive events in a person’s life. Think of it as a guardian spirit, or demon, that became associated with someone at birth. So using all these sources, Mogg Morgan interprets the Demonic calendar  to identify and analyze this ‘demon’ or guardian spirit that influences a person’s inner being from birth, taking a Pisces birth date as an example.

“The third Decan in Pisces is a woman whose hair has been loosened and who wears ornaments bearing the emblem of (the tribe of) abhiiras (cow?). She shrieks, as she is frightened. She stands in the water adorned by troops of spirits having the shapes of jackals, cats, and boars.”

Mogg Morgan

Demonic CalendarMogg Morgan is a practitioner-cum-scholar of all aspects of occultism. He was a Wellcome research student at Oxford, taught by the late Professor B K Matilal, a widely respected expert on South Asian thought. Over the years he has been exploring the connections between the popular magick of ancient Egypt and its continuation/crossover with the living magical traditions of the middle East, and the Kaula/witchcraft of south Asia and beyond.

He has a particular interest in divination, dream interpretation and oracles, and has experimented widely in using some ancient oracles to address modern queries. Consequently, he sometimes prepares “horoscopes” in the original and authentic Egyptian manner and also uses dice oracles based on Greco-Egyptian and Tantrik sources. He is the author of several books on Egypt, specializing in folk religion, ritual calendars and the “archaeological memory” encoded in the religions of post pharaonic Egypt. He is the author of Demonic Calendar Ancient Egypt

Demonic Calendar Of Ancient Egypt


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The Giants Of Great Britain
Sunday May 23, 2021 4:00pm EST
by Hugh Newman and Jim Vieira
The Giants Of Great Britain

Stories of giants being involved in the construction of megalithic sites, earthworks and other ancient monuments have been alive in the consciousness of the British for millennia. Legends and creation stories hark back to an earlier age of elemental beings, high magic and giant kings ruling the land. Religious documents, medieval chronicles, oral traditions and origin stories all recount converging tales of giants being an integral part of the founding of the British Isles. Giant effigies are still paraded around many cities and towns, keeping this ancient memory alive. Mystics, sages and esoteric sources all speak of giants as a literal reality, often originating in a lost sunken realm off the coast of Ireland. Even Stonehenge’s creation is attributed to remarkably tall and powerful builders. These were not only giant in stature, but also giants in intelligence, skill and wisdom.

Collating hundreds of historical  accounts of massive bones and skeletons being found in the vicinity of sites such as Stonehenge, adds some credence to the idea that age-old myths encoded detailed histories and insights from many thousands of years ago. These were often linked with the secret arts, forgotten sciences and magic from a fabled “Golden Age”. The once-lost epic annals of Ireland, secret Scottish archives, old manuscripts of Wales and Druidic traditions of England have revealed a lost timeline, a missing chapter in human history that provides evidence of giant human beings inhabiting, ruling and building the megalithic master works of Albion.

The reality of giants existing in prehistoric times is put under the microscope in this webinar, with the investigation of obscure newspaper accounts, antiquarian diaries, archaeological reports, local history records, newly-translated ancient texts, academic papers, and written evidence from hundreds of sources going back over a 2000 year period. In our previous publication, Giants On Record: America’s Hidden History, Secrets in the Mounds and the Smithsonian Files (2015), we examined the evidence from across the Atlantic. North America has many legends of the ‘Tall Ones’ and several thousand historical, archaeological and news sources support the notion that giants once existed there, so why not in Britain?

It seems that the giants, although sometimes misperceived as legendary figures, were also masters of surveying, astronomy and landscape knowledge to an extremely high degree. Many were remembered as high-kings and rulers of the country, often inhabiting mountain-tops or hillforts. The origins of all four countries of the British Isles are intimately connected to ruling giants. Their legacy, when understood properly and investigated with an open mind, can lead to the conclusion that ancient Britain and its giant rulers were held in high esteem by the British populus and quite possibly by the rest of the world. 

That being said, there is the dark side to much of this giant lore with dozens of tales of maelevolent giants with cannabilistic tendencies, violent attacks and unruly behaviour, just like we find in the Bible and in other ancient traditions worldwide. We hope this talk can bring this obscure but fascinating story to life and highlight what a truly immense mystery this is.

Hugh NewmanHugh Newman is a world explorer, megalithomaniac and author of Earth Grids: The Secret Pattern of Gaia’s Sacred Sites (2008); co-author of Giants On Record: America’s Hidden History, Secrets in the Mounds and the Smithsonian Files with Jim Vieira (2015), author of Stone Circles (2017), and contributed to Megalith: Studies In Stone (2018). He is published in three 'Ancient Origins' e-books. He has been a regular guest on History Channel’s Ancient Aliens and Search for the Lost Giants and has been on the BBC, Sky TV, Bosnian TV and is currently involved in Road 2 Ruins (US), The Alaska Triangle (Travel Channel), The UnXplained (History), Forbidden History (Discovery), In Search of Monsters (History), and Ancient Tomorrow (US) documentary projects / TV Shows. He is a video producer who publishes regular films of his worldwide explorations at As well as organising the annual Megalithomania conferences and tours, he co-organises the Origins Conference in London and has spoken at events in the UK, Malta, France, Peru, Egypt, Cambodia, Java and North America. He currently lives in Wiltshire, England. 


Jim Vieria

Giants of StonehengeJim Vieira is a stonemason, author, explorer and host of the History Channel shows "Search for the Lost Giants" (2014) "Roanoke: Search for the Lost Colony" (2015) and "Return to Roanoke: Search the Seven" (2016). He is also co-author of Giants on Record with Hugh Newman. Jim has investigated worldwide ancient stone sites, studied global indigenous oral traditions, religious documents, the readings of the great mystics and the literature of secret societies to form an alternative theory regarding the origins of civilization. A theory almost in perfect alignment with the readings of the famed sleeping prophet, Edgar Cayce.

The Giants of Stonehenge and Ancient Britain



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Heeding The Sun: Solar-Induced Dark Age Overdue
Sunday March 14, 2021 2:00pm EST
by Dr Robert Schoch
Heeding The Sun:  Solar-Induced Dark Age Overdue

Geologist and author Dr Robert Schoch examines scientific evidence of the catastrophe that destroyed an advanced civilization nearly 12,000 years ago. Combining evidence from multiple scientific disciplines, Schoch makes the case that the abrupt end of the last Ice Age, circa 9700 BCE, was due to an agitated Sun.  Solar outbursts unleashed electrical/plasma discharges upon Earth, triggering dramatic climate change as well as increased earthquake and volcanic activity, fires, high radiation levels, and massive floods. Schoch explains how these events impacted the civilizations of the time, set humanity back thousands of years, and led to six millennia of a Solar-Induced Dark Age (SIDA).

Applying the SIDA framework to ancient history, he explores how many megalithic monuments, petroglyphs, indigenous traditions, and legends fall logically into place, including the underground cities of Cappadocia, the Easter Island rongorongo glyphs, and the Göbekli Tepe complex in Turkey. He also reveals that our Sun is a much more unstable star than previously believed, suggesting that history could repeat itself with a solar outburst powerful enough to devastate modern society.

We interview Dr Robert Schoch on his new view of the origins and antiquity of civilization and the dynamics of the planet we live on. Dr Schoch maintains we must heed the megalithic warning of the past and collectively prepare for future events.

Robert M. Schoch Robert M. Schoch, Ph.D., a tenured faculty member at Boston University, earned his doctorate in geology and geophysics at Yale University in 1983. Known for his research on ancient civilizations, he is the author of numerous books, including Origins of the Sphinx. Catherine Ulissey, a 20-year ballet and Broadway dance veteran, earned her B.A. from Emerson College in 2002. Married to Dr. Schoch in 2010, she enjoys contributing to his research while teaching her art, formerly for Harvard University’s dance program and more recently for Wellesley College.

In Forgotten Civilization: New Discoveries on the Solar-Induced Dark Age, updated throughout with recent developments, geologist Dr Robert Schoch builds upon his revolutionary theory that the origins of the Sphinx date back much further than 2500 BCE and examines scientific evidence of the catastrophe that destroyed early high culture nearly 12,000 years ago. Visit his website at: 

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The Sacred Caribberie
Sunday February 21, 2021 1:30pm EST
by Dr Rita Louise
The Sacred Caribberie

The Sacred Caribberie: Exploring The Ritual Experience

Ceremonies, rituals and religious rites form the basis of every culture on the planet and shape the foundation of all society.  Members of a group come together with a common intention - to say farewell to a loved one, to celebrate life events and establishing a connection with god.

The nature and essence of religious ritual, outside of the Abrahamic traditions, would seem strange, bizarre and downright otherworldly to a modern observer. When envisioned from a contemporary context they can appear primitive and savage.  Early explorers venturing into uncharted lands around the world viewed their ceremonies as repugnant to common decency and morality.  If they had taken the time to explore their rites and traditions they would have quickly discovered that, at their base level, they were the same. 

It does appear, when evaluating the foundations of the ritual experience, as cultures advanced and became more civilized, instead of creating a stronger union with the divine, they become increasingly distant. Today, when many of us go to worship we find ourselves going through a set of hollow rituals that only vaguely represent their original objective. They have become powerless and devoid of meaning and purpose. 

Dr. Rita Louise, in her exploration of The Sacred Caribberie: Exploring The Ritual Experience will delve into the origin and true purpose of the ritual experience.

Dr Rita LouiseBestselling author Dr. Rita Louise is the founder of the Institute of Applied Energetics and the former host of Just Energy Radio. She is a Naturopathic Physician and a 20-year veteran in the Human Potential Field. She holds a Ph.D. in Natural Health Counseling and is professor of Alternative Health Studies at Westbrook University.

She is the Chairman of the Board for the International Association of Medical Intuitives and has served on the Board of Directors for the Holistic Chamber of Commerce. She is the author of the books: The Dysfunctional Dance Of The Empath And Narcissist, Stepping Out Of Eden, ET Chronicles: What Myth And Legend Have To Say About Human Origin, Avoiding The Cosmic 2X4, Dark Angels: An Insider’s Guide To Ghosts, Spirits & Attached Entities and The Power Within.  Books are available at:

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The Celestial Garden of Eden
Sunday January 24, 2021 5:00pm EST
by John McHugh
The Celestial Garden of Eden

The historical existence of the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:4-3:24) remains a mystery. The Hebrew text depicts the Judaic deity, Adam, Eve, and the villainous Serpent interacting within an intimate setting—Adam and Eve hearing God’s footsteps as he strolled through the Garden, then hiding from his sight, the Deity’s multiple conversations with the first man and woman, and the Serpent’s face-to-face dialogue with Eve. Yet the notion of imminent proximity is contradicted by geographical data in the same passage.

Eden’s sole river branches into four tributaries whose localities are verified by later Old Testament passages. The river Pishon winds through Havilah, which is Arabia; the Gihon river meanders through the land of Cush, the Hebrew word for Ethiopia; the Tigris flows east of the Assyrian religious capital at Asshur, and the renowned Euphrates courses through Babylonia. The circumstance is further confounded by the fact that the Arabian Pishon and Ethiopian Gihon rivers are never mentioned again in the Bible. And here lies the mystery: How did the characters in the Garden of Eden manage to remain visible and audible while simultaneously occupying terrain that spans 1000 miles? And how did two enigmatic rivers, the Pishon and Gihon, spontaneously materialize in Eden?

The answer has been visible in plain sight since Genesis was written. To see it we must first relinquish our modern, science-oriented mindset and embrace the cognitive worldview of the Genesis authors. The Old Testament recounts that during the Babylonian subjugation (586-538 BC) Jewish sages were conscripted into the entourage of vanquishing King Nebuchadnezzar II and his successors. There, Judaic neophytes were then indoctrinated with the most revered Mesopotamian astrological tenet—that the starry sky embodied hallowed “Heavenly Writing” that imparted unassailable truth through pictorial and literary wordplay embedded in the constellation’s images and titles.

Archaeoastronomist John McHugh translates the Hallowed Heavenly Writings of the ancient astronomers to introduce us to a Garden constellation whose titles render: “Steppe-land” (Eden in Hebrew), “Asshur,” “Cush,” and “Serpent” alongside the terms “River Pishon” and “River Gihon.” Situated beside the stellar Garden was a “Man” (Adam in Hebrew) and “Woman” constellation. Southwest of the stellar Garden hovers a constellation-god whose Sumerian sobriquet rendered “He-Will-Be,” or Yahweh in Hebrew, the personal name of the Hebraic deity. When plotted on a star map it becomes evident that all of the “Garden of Eden” legend’s actors and geographic landmarks lie in close proximity while simultaneously defining earthly localities separated by a thousand miles—a situation that perfectly mirrors their interrelationship in Genesis.

John McHugh John McHugh earned a Master’s degree from Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah, USA) with a dual emphasis on Near Eastern and Native American Archaeology (1999). He has extensive archaeological excavation and survey experience throughout Syria, Jordan, and the American Southwest. He specializes in Near Eastern and Native American archaeoastronomy as well as American Indian rock art and possesses reading knowledge of Sumerian, Akkadian, Ugaritic, Biblical Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Qur’anic Arabic. John is the lead archaeologist for the Utah Cultural Astronomy Project, which is committed to exposing and celebrating the wealth of scientific wisdom embedded in the religious cosmologies of Ancestral Puebloan peoples and their modern Puebloan descendants.  His current book, The Celestial Code of Scriptures (Monkfish Publishing), will appear in Autumn, 2021.


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The Quest for the Grail
Sunday December 20, 2020 5:00pm EST
by Dr. Elyn Aviva
The Quest for the Grail


Do you seek the Grail?

Growing up reading Arthurian legends, one would probably think the Grail is the holy cup associated with Jesus and the Last Supper, and that the Knights of the Round Table were sent on the Quest for the Grail.

However, things are not always (or often) what they seem, and the true nature of the grail is much more complicated. In this broad-ranging interview, Dr. Aviva Elyn will delve into Celtic antecedents to the Grail, shifts in the Arthurian Grail legends over the centuries, and Jungian interpretations of the “true” meaning of the Grail.

She will also explore the significance of The Quest and its relationship to the ritual process we know as pilgrimage. Drawing on her long-time study and experiential research on the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage—the subject of her Ph.D. dissertation—Elyn will consider how the process of going on pilgrimage relates to the grail quest, and how it can be made relevant to our own contemporary life situations.

ElynDr. Elyn Aviva is a writer, transformational traveler, and fiber artist. She is fascinated by journeys of quest and self-discovery, both interior and exterior. Her academic credentials include a Ph.D. in cultural anthropology (topic: the modern-day pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela) and a Master’s of Divinity. She has taught comparative religion courses, trained as a labyrinth facilitator, and is an Active Dreaming leader. Her fascination with earth energies led her to study dowsing, sacred geometry, and geomancy. For many years, Elyn has delved deeply into Kabbalah and the Western Mystery traditions, which have had a significant influence on her work.

Elyn’s most recent novel is  Melita’s Quest for the Grail.  Set in medieval France, legends of King Arthur, Greek mythology, and the magical Forest of Brocéliande weave through Melita’s journey of self-discovery.

She has written a number of books and novels on pilgrimage, quest, and earth mysteries, as well as co-authoring (with her husband) the series Powerful Places Guidebooks. These guidebooks help people experience the transformative energies at sacred sites.

Born and raised in the American Midwest, Elyn and her husband Gary White lived in Spain for a decade before returning to USA. You can learn more about her at;; and

She can be found on Facebook at Elyn Aviva Writes and Fiberalchemy.

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Was the Fearless Warrior Queen Boudica Not British At All?
Saturday October 17, 2020 2:00pm EST
by Tom Hamilton
Was the Fearless Warrior Queen Boudica Not British At All?

Her home, plundered, her body flogged, her daughters raped – and her vengeance… complete.

During the reign of Queen Victoria and the English Renaissance, the fame of her namesake in meaning—Boudica, first century AD queen of the Celtic Iceni tribe—experienced a historical revival. Roman historians Tacitus and Cassius Dio related how Boudica had led an uprising against the conquering forces of the Roman Empire in 60 or 61 AD. This statuesque woman who was flogged in punishment, and witnessed her daughters raped, is regarded as an important cultural symbol in the United Kingdom. It is said that 80,000 people died in the revolt when she burned down Camulodunum (modern Colchester) and destroyed Londinium (modern London) in a rage—torturing and crucifying any survivors.

The Boudica story, however much it has fascinated us, and however well it has been presented, has always left us with many questions unanswered. Who was Boudica? Where did she come from? How come she and her husband were promoted as overseers of the Iceni tribe?

Tom Hamilton adopts a different stance, looking outwards from the insular, patriotic British viewpoint, away from the Iceni, to understand the ancient Atlantic cultural reality, at a time when there were no borders or nations. Boudica’s statue at Westminster holds the clues, the Latin texts pose the questions. There was always more to this legend, just begging to be found. His research takes us to a small, mountainous region of ancient Iberia still famous for its strong, fearless women. There it is that we will find answers to the identity of the fearless woman who dared to say NO to Rome.

Tom HamiltonBorn in Burnham, England in 1959, Tom G. Hamilton moved to the interior of Portugal in 1992. He is currently investigating the ancient peoples of Beira Baixa, a small region in the interior of Portugal. He has made documentaries and films about the region, music, and the culture, and is currently writing a book about one of his discoveries— unique Iberian turquoise. He is a trained language teacher, professional musician, songwriter and producer, gem-hunter, artisan, investigator, and writer.

Tom spends a lot of his time on mountains, and with Michael Severin, produced Black Mountain Argemela, a film dedicated to the preservation of Argemela and its unique ecosystem. Published on YouTube channel, Vettonia Films.

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